Women in the Arts
1. EMPLOYMENT: a) Black Workers
The employment of black women needs to be set in the context of the overall employment of black workers. This in itself presents a dismal picture of racial discrimination.
It is difficult to obtain accurate estimates of the percentage of the population which is made up of black people. The Merseyside Community Relations Council's estimate is some 3 to 4% on Merseyside going up to 8 to 10% within Liverpool itself. Therefore, as can be seen, particularly given that 51% of the responding organisations are based in Liverpool and over 12% work solely within Liverpool, the situation with regard to full-time employment is dreadful, and that of part-time employment only slightly better. The only area in which black workers are properly represented is within the area of free-lance work and even here, as I have already indicated, we are looking at a more positive view than is the case in reality.
Neither are the black workers evenly spread through the various kinds of organisations. During this period there were no black workers within a local authority context. Liverpool City Council has since appointed 2 black workers, but there has been no change within other local authorities. Within the non-local authority professional arts organisations, which is the area in which the greatest number of full and part-time black workers were employed, only 10 of 39 organisations responding (that is approximately one quarter of the organisations) had any black workers. In addition it should be noted that of the 5 full-time black women workers, 3 of them worked within the context of black arts organisations and 1 within an arts educational institution.
And within the question of black employment there is the question of representation from different groups. For instance within the area of professional arts organisations (local authority and otherwise) there were no Chinese workers, and only 1 part-time Chinese British worker and 5 Chinese British free-lance workers.